Abbad ibn Bishr: Friend of the Qur'an

Since 2014-01-02

He had lived, fought, and died as a believer.

by Ustadh Abdul Wahid Hamid

It was the fourth year after the Hijrah. The city of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was still under threat from within and without. From within the influential Jewish tribe, the Banu an-Nadir, broke their agreement with the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and made plans to kill him. For this, they were banished from the city. This was in the month of Safar.

Two months of uneasy quiet passed. Then the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) received news that tribes from distant Najd were planning an attack. To pre-empt them, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) gathered a force of over four hundred men, and leaving one of his companions Uthman ibn Affan (ra) in charge of the city, set out eastward. Among this force was the young Madinan, Abbad ibn Bishr (ra).

Arriving at Najd, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) found the habitations of the hostile tribes strangely deserted of men. Only women were about. The men had taken to the hills. Some of them regrouped and prepared to fight. The time of Salaah al-Asr (the afternoon prayer) came. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) feared that the hostile tribesmen would attack them during prayer. He arranged the Muslims in ranks and divided them into two groups and performed the prayer as the Salaah al-Khawf (the Prayer of Fear). With one group he performed one rakah while the other group stood on guard. For the second rakah the groups changed places. Each group completed its prayer with one rakah after the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had finished...

On beholding the disciplined ranks of the Muslims the hostile tribesmen became uneasy and afraid. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had made his presence felt and something of his mission was now known at first hand in the central highlands of Arabia whence he departed peacefully.

On the way back, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) pitched camp in a valley for a night. As soon as the Muslims had settled their camel mounts, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) , asked: "Who will be our guard tonight?" "We, O Messenger of Allaah," said Abbad ibn Bishr (ra) and Ammar ibn Yasir (ra) both of whom had been paired off as 'brothers' by the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) when he arrived in Madinah after the Hijrah.

Abbad and Ammar left for the mouth of the valley to take up duty. Abbad saw that his "brother" was tired and asked him: "What part of the night do you wish to sleep, the first or the second?" "I shall sleep during the first part," said Ammar who was soon fast asleep quite close to Abbad.

The night was clear, calm and peaceful. The stars, the trees, and the rocks all appeared to celebrate in silence the praises of their lord. Abbad felt serene. There was no movement, no threatening sign. Why not spend the time in ibad'ah (worship) and reciting the Qur'aan? How delightful it would be to combine the performance of Salaah with the measured recitation of the Qur'aan which he so much enjoyed.

In fact Abbad was enthralled by the Qur'aan from the moment he first heard it being recited by the mellow and beautiful voice of Musab ibn Umayr (ra). That was before the Hijrah when Abbad was just about fifteen years old. The Qur'an had found a special place in his heart and day and night thereafter he would be heard repeating the glorious words of Allaah (swt) so much so that he became known among the Prophet's (peace and blessings be upon him) companions as the "friend of the Qur'aan".

Late at night, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) once stood up to perform the Tahajjud Prayer in Aishah's (ra) house which adjoined the Masjid. He heard a voice reciting the Qur'aan, pure and sweet and as fresh as when the angel Jibril (as) revealed the words to him. He asked: "Aishah, is that the voice of Abbad ibn Bishr?' "Yes, O Messenger of Allaah," replied Aishah. "O Lord, forgive him," prayed the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) out of love for him.

And so in the stillness of the night, at the mouth of the valley in Najd, Abbad (ra) stood up and faced the Qiblah. Raising his hand in surrender to Allaah (swt), he entered into the state of Prayer. Finishing the compulsory opening chapter of the Qur'aan, he began reciting Surah al-Kahf in his sweet, captivating voice. Surah al-Kahf is a long Surah of one hundred and ten verses, which deals in part with the virtues of faith, truth and patience and with the relativity of time.

While he was thus absorbed in reciting and reflecting upon the divine words, eternal words of illumination and wisdom, reciting and reflecting a stranger stalked the outskirts of the valley in search of Muhammad (saw) and his followers (ra). He was one of those who had planned to attack the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) but who had fled into the mountains on the approach of the Muslims. His wife whom he had left in the village had been taken as a captive by one of the Muslims. When he eventually found that his wife was gone, he swore by al-Lat and al-Uzzah that he would pursue Muhammad (ra) and his Companions (ra) and that he would not return unless he had drawn blood.

From a distance, the man saw the figure of Abbad (ra) silhouetted at the mouth of the valley and he knew that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his followers must be inside the valley. Silently he drew his bow and let fly an arrow. Unerringly it embedded itself in Abbad's flesh.

Calmly, Abbad pulled out the arrow from his body and went on with his recitation, still absorbed in his Salaah. The attacker shot a second and a third arrow both of which also found their mark. Abbad pulled out one and then the other. He finished his recitation, made ruku and then sujud. Weak and in pain, he stretched out his right hand while still in prostration and shook his sleeping Companion. Ammar awoke. Silently, Abbad continued the Salaah to its end and then said: "Get up and stand guard in my place. I have been wounded."

Ammar jumped up and began to yell. Seeing them both the attacker fled into the darkness. Ammar turned to Abbad as he lay on the ground, blood flowing from his wounds.

"Ya Subhanallah (Glory be to Allaah)! Why didn't you wake me when you were hit by the first arrow?" "I was in the midst of reciting verses of the Qur'aan which filled my soul with awe and I did not want to cut short the recitation. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had commanded me to commit this surah to memory. Death would have been dearer to me than that the recitation of this surah should be interrupted."

Abbad's devotion to the Qur'aan was a sign of his intense devotion to and love for Allaah (swt), His Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and His religion. The qualities he was known for were his constant immersion in ibad'ah, his heroic courage and his generosity in the path of Allaah (swt). At times of sacrifice and death, he would always be in the frontline.

When it was time for receiving his share of rewards, he would only be found after much effort and difficulty. He was always trustworthy in his dealings with the wealth of Muslims. All this was recognised. Aishah (ra), the wife of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him), once said: "There are three persons among the Ansaar whom no one could excel in virtue: Sad ibn Muadh, Usayd ibn Khudayr and Abbad ibn Bishr."

Abbad died the death of a shaheed (martyr) at the battle of Yamamah. Just before the battle he had a strong presentiment of death and martyrdom. He noticed that there was a lack of mutual confidence among the Muhajirin and Ansaar. He was grieved and upset. He realised that there would be no success for the Muslims in these terrible battles unless the Muhajirin and Ansaar were grouped in separate regiments so that it could be clearly seen who really bore their responsibility and who were truly steadfast in combat.

At the break of day when the battle commenced, Abbad ibn Bishr (ra) stood on a mound and shouted:

"O Ansaar, distinguish yourselves among men. Destroy your scabbards. And do not forsake Islaam."


Abbad harangued the Ansaar until about four hundred men gathered around, him at the head of whom were Thabit ibn Qays, al-Baraa ibn Malik (ra) and Abu Dujanah (ra), the keeper of the Prophet's sword. With this force, Abbad unleashed an offensive into the enemy's ranks which blunted their thrust and drove them back to the "garden of death".

At the walls of this garden, Abbad ibn Bishr (ra) fell. So numerous were his wounds, he was hardly recognisable.

He had lived, fought, and died as a believer.

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