It is sufficient sin for a person to forsake whom he supports
The permissibility of work and earning so that a person can spend on himself and those whom he supports.
Abdullah ibn `Amr narrated that the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said: «
The Hadith is reported in Sahih Muslim with these wordings: « » (2).
Explanation of vocabularies (3):
« » i.e., those under his custody, and the provision is for the things that strengthen the body and meet the needs.
Lessons gained from the Hadith (4):
1- The obligation of spending on the family, children, and servants because the Lawgiver entailed sins for wasting their expenditure.
2- Spending on those kinds of people is better than all channels of spending because spending on those people is an individual duty, whereas spending on others is a collective duty or supererogatory; and it is known that individual duty is better and more obligatory than the collective duty and the supererogatory.
3- A Muslim has to start by obligatory spending due on him such as spending on the wife, the children, and servants then he may spend thereafter on whatever he wants.
4- The permissibility of work and earning so that a person can spend on himself and those whom he supports.
(1) Reported by Ahmad (14/180) and Abu Dawud No. (1694).
(2) Reported by Muslim No. (2359).
(3) Fathul-Bary of Ibn Hajar (9/31).
(4) The commentary of An-Nawawy on Muslim (3/435) and `Awn Al Ma`bud (4/101).