The Rituals of Hajj and 'Umra

Since 2012-11-20

'The accepted Hajj has no reward but Paradise' [Agreed upon]

All praise is due to Allah the Lord of the worlds, and prayers and peace of Allah be upon the most honorable Prophet and Messenger, our prophet Muhammad, and upon all his family and companions:

 

Dear Muslim brother, O you who intended to go to the Sacred House of Allah, and spent money, effort, time and days for this reason, and left the wife, children, friends and relatives behind you, and got rid of the clothes of luxuries and adornment to put on Ihram looks like the grave-clothes only for performing this great obligatory act of worship and having the satisfaction of the Almighty Creator, because you know that “The accepted Hajj has no reward but Paradise”as the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said in the Hadeeth that is reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim.

 

«الحج المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة» متفق عليه

 

Moreover, the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever performs Hajj without having sexual relation (with his wife) or committing a sin (during Hajj) would return like his status at the day of his birth” [Reported by Al-Bukhari]

 

«من حج هذا البيت فلم يرفث ولم يفسق، رجع كيوم ولدته أمه» رواه البخاري

 

Also, Al-Bukhari reported on the authority of ‘Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) that she said: “O Messenger of Allah, we see Jihad (i.e. fighting in the cause of Allah) as the best deed, would not we observe Jihad?” Whereupon the Messenger said: “But the best Jihad is the accepted Hajj.”

 

«قلت يا رسول الله نرى الجهاد أفضل العمل أفلا نجاهد، قال: لكن أفضل الجهاد حج مبرور» رواه البخاري

 

The accepted Hajj is the Hajj that is like the Hajj of the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), because he said: “Take from me your rituals” [Reported by Muslim].

 

 رواه مسلم «لتأخذوا مناسككم...»

 

Therefore, we would like to mention to you the rituals of Hajj according to the Sunnah of the Prophet, and we chose that from the speech of Sheikh Muhammad IbnSalih Al ‘Uthaimin (may Allah mercy him). And we invoke Allah Almighty to accept your Hajj, forgive your sins and praise your steps.

 

The rituals of Hajj and ‘Umra

 

Sheikh Muhammad Ibn Salih Al-‘Uthaimin (may Allah mercy him) said:

We mention here the rituals of Tamattu’ Hajj in short and say: if a person intended to perform Hajj and ‘Umra, and went to Makkah in the months of Hajj, it is better for him to enter the state of Ihram for performing ‘Umra first to be Mutamatti’. He has to enter the state of Ihram at Miqat with the intention of performing ‘Umra. Before putting on Ihram, he should bath as he would do after having sexual intercourse (bathing for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding). After bathing and perfuming the head and beard; the pilgrim, other than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, should put on Ihram after observing obligatory prayer, if it is time. Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rak’ah that are made each time Wudu is performed, because there is no specific supererogatory prayer for putting on Ihram, and nothing like this had been narrated on the authority of the Prophet. Then, he should start Talbiyah by saying:

 

“LabbaikaAllahumma ‘Umra, LabbaikaAllahummaLabbaik, Labbaika la sharikaLakalabbaik, Inna-l-hamda wan-ni'mataLakawalmulk, La sharikaLaka.”

 

Translation: “O Allah, Here I am for ‘Umra, here I am, O Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner.”

 

And he should continue saying Talbiyah till he reaches Makkah.

 

When the pilgrim become close to Makkah, he should have bath before entering it, as the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) did. When a pilgrim enters the Holy Masjid he should put forth his right foot first and say: "In the name of Allah, may prayers and peace of Allah be upon the Messenger of Allah. O Allah, forgive my sins and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan."

 

((بسم الله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله، اللهم اغفر لي ذنوبي وافتح لي أبواب رحمتك، أعوذ بالله العظيم، وبوجهه الكريم، وبسلطانه القديم من الشيطان الرجيم))

 

Transliteration:BismillahWassaltuWasalamu ‘AlaRasulillah, AllahumaIghfir Lee ThunubiWaftah Lee AbwabRahmatic, A’uthuBillahil ‘Atheem, WaBywajihih Al-Kareem, WaBisultanih Al-KadeemMinal Shaytan Al-Rajeem

 

When the pilgrim starts to circuit, he has to stop Talbiyah, approach the Black Stone, touch it with his right hand and kiss it. If this isn't possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it and say: "In the name of Allah, Allah is the greatest. O Allah, with faith in you, belief in Your Book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of Your Prophet Muhammad."

 

((بسم الله والله أكبر، اللهم إيماناً بك، وتصديقاً بكتابك، ووفاءً بعهدك، واتباعاً لسنة نبيك محمد))

 

Transliteration:BismillahWallahu Akbar, AllahumaImanan Bik, Watasdeeqn Be Ketabik, WaWafa’an Be ‘Ahdik, WaItiba’an Le SunatNabyek Muhammad.

 

Then, the pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka'bah on his left, and do seven circuits, starting from the stone and ending at it. He should touch nothing but the Black Stone and Ar-Rukn Al-Yamani, because the Prophet touched nothing but them. In this Tawaf, it is desirable for the pilgrim man to practice Ramal (i.e. Ramal means speeding up one's pace with small steps). Also, it is desirable for the man to make lddibaa’ (i.e. lddibaa’ means placing the middle of one's Rida' under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder) from the beginning of Tawaf until the end. Each time the pilgrim passes the Black Stone, he should say: "Allah is Greatest." When he reaches Ar-Rukn Al-Yamani he should touch it, and say: "Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of Hellfire.”

 

((ربنا آتنا في الدنيا حسنةً، وفي الآخرة حسنةً، وقنا عذاب النار))

 

Transliteration:RabanaAtinaFedunyaHasanah, waFilAkhiratiHasanah, Waqina ‘AthabaAnar.

 

During the remainder of his Tawaf, he may say what he pleases of remembrance of Allah and supplications.

 

There is no specific supplication in Tawaf for each circuit; therefore, the person should beware of the booklets that many pilgrims hold and in them there is a specific supplication for each circuit. This is a new innovation, and it is not narrated on the authority of the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), and he had said: “Every new innovation (in the religion) is a stray” [Reported by Muslim]

 

 رواه مسلم «كل بدعة ضلالة»

 

During circuiting, some people fall in common mistakes because of crowdedness; they get in from the gate of Higr and get out from the second gate without passing by the Black stone during circuit round Ka’bah. This is wrong, because most of the Higr is part of the Ka’bah; therefore, the person who gets in from the gate of Higr and gets out from the second gate did not circuit round the whole House, and his circuit is not valid.

 

When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he should pray two Rak'as, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibrahim. Then, he goes out to As-Safa, and when he approaches it he would recites: {Verily! As-Safâ and Al-Marwah (two mountains in Makkah) are of the Symbols of Allâh. So it is not a sin on him who performs Hajj or ‘‘Umrah (pilgrimage) of the House (the Ka‘bah at Makkah) to perform the going (Tawâf) between them (As-Safâ and Al-Marwah). And whoever does good voluntarily, then verily, Allâhis All-Recogniser, All-Knower} [Surat Al-Baqarah 2:158] and does not repeat it again.

 

{إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَآئِرِ اللّهِ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلاَ جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْراً فَإِنَّ اللّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ} البقرة:158

 

Transliteration: Inna alssafa waalmarwata min shaAAairi Allahi faman hajja albayta awi iAAtamara fala junaha AAalayhi an yattawwafa bihima waman tatawwaAAa khayran fainna Allaha shakirun AAaleemun

 

Then He ascends As-Safa and faces the Ka'bah and raises his hands glorifying and praising and says: “There is no God except Allah alone, He fulfilled His promise, granted victory to His servant and defeated the confederates alone.”

 

((لا إله إلاّ الله وحده، أنجز وعده، ونصر عبده، وهزم الأحزاب وحده))

 

Transliteration:LaaIlahaIla Allah Wahadah, AnjazaWa’dah, WaNasar ‘AbdahWa Hazama Al-AhzabaWahdah..

 

Then, he would supplicate to Allah, then repeats the remembrance for the second time, then supplicates Allah, then repeats the remembrance for the third time.

 

Then, he descends As-Safa and heads for Al-Marwah at a normal pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run fast until the next green marker, if it was possible, without harming anybody or being harmed. He continues toward Al-Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he ascends it, faces the Qiblah, raises his hands and repeats what he said on As-Safa. And this is one lap.

 

Then, he descends Al-Marwah heading towards As-Safa, and this is the second lap; he has to say and do in it as he said and did in the first lap. He continues this procedure until he completes seven laps; going from As-Safa to Al-Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap. Then he has to clip his hair completely. As for the woman, she has to clip from all her hair the length of finger’s tip. Then he gets out the state of Ihram and enjoys the lawful things; such as having sexual intercourse with the wife, wearing perfume, putting on clothes … etc.

 

At the eighth day of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim has to enter the state of Ihram for Hajj; he has to take a bath, wear perfume, put on Ihram and go to Mina where he prays Dhuhr, Asr, Maghreb, Isha and Fajr, shortening his four Rak’as prayers so as to make them two rak’as each, without combining them (each at its prescribed time.

 

When the sun rises, he goes to ‘Arafa and there prays Dhuhr and Asr combined at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two Rak’as. He remains in Masjid Namira until sunset, if possible. Then he should be engaged in remembering Allah, supplicating Him, reciting the Holy Quran … etc. Moreover, he should insist on supplicating Allah Almighty at the end of this day, because it is time of answering invocation.

 

It is Sunnah, for the pilgrim, to face the Qiblah and raise his hands during supplication. The Prophet used to say much at this great position: “‘None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone without partner, to Him belongs all sovereignty and praise and He is over all things omnipotent.”

 

((لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، له الملك وله الحمد وهو على كل شيء قدير))

 

Transliteration: La IlahaIlaAllahuWahdah La ShareekaLah, Lahu Al MulkWalahu Al HamdWahuwa ‘AlaKuliShay’inKadeer

 

Moreover, he should keep saying the prophetic remembrances and invocations, because they are the most comprehensive and beneficial invocations. He could say: “O Allah, praise be to You, like the praise that we say, and better than it. O Allah, my prayer, my sacrifice, my life and my death are for You, and to You (my Lord) is my return, and to You (my Lord) is my properties. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the torture of the grave, whispers of the heart and the scatter of the matter. O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the evil that may come with the wind.”

 

((اللهم لك الحمد كالذي نقول، وخيراً مما نقول، اللهم لك صلاتي ونسكي ومحياي ومماتي، وإليك ربي مآبي، ولك ربي تراثي. اللهم إني أعوذ بك من عذاب القبر، ووسوسة الصدر، وشتات الأمر. اللهم إني أعوذ بك من شر ما تجيء به الريح))

 

Transliteration:AllahumaLaka Al HamdKalathiNaqul, WaKhayranMimaNaqul, AllahumaLakaSalatiWaNusukiWaMahyayaWaMamati, WaIlaykaRabyMa’abi, WaLaka Rabi Turathi, AllahumaInyA’uthuBika Min ‘AthabulQabr, WaWaswasat As-Sadr WaShatat Al-Amr, AllahumaIny ‘AuthuBika Min Shar Ma Taji’uBihiAr-Reeh.

 

“O Allah, place light in my heart, light in my hearing and light in my sight. O Allah, You hear my speech, see my place and know my private and public affairs. Nothing of my matters are in secret from You. I am the miserable poor, the caller for help, the afraid, the anxious, and the one who has little good deeds and confesses his sins. I ask you the asking of the poor, and supplicate to you the supplication of the humble sinner. I ask You the asking of whom his neck is submitted to You, his eyes are shed for You, his body is humiliated to You and his nose is subdued to You. O Allah, Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire. O Allah, I wronged myself; so, forgive me, verily You, Only, are the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.”

 

((اللهم اجعل في قلبي نوراً، وفي سمعي نوراً وفي بصري نوراً، اللهم إنك تسمع كلامي، وترى مكاني، وتعلم سري وعلانيتي، لا يخفى عليك شيء من أمري، أنا البائس الفقير، المستغيث المستجير، الوجل المشفق المقر، المعترف بذنوبي، أسألك مسألة المسكين، وأبتهل إليك ابتهال المذنب الذليل، وأدعوك دعاء من خضعت لك رقبته، وفاضت لك عيناه، وذلّ لك جسده، ورغم لك أنفه. اللهم ربنا آتنا في الدنيا حسنة وفي الآخرة حسنة وقنا عذاب النار، اللهم إني ظلمت نفسي فاغفر لي إنك أنت الغفور الرحيم))

 

Transliteration:AllahumaIj’Al fee GalbiNuran, Wa fee Sam’INuranWa Fee BasariNuran, AllahumaInakaTasma’uKalami, WataraMakani, WaTa’lamuSiriWa ‘Alaniyati, La Ykhafa ‘AlaykaShy’un Min Amri, Ana Al Ba’isau Al Faqeer, Al Mustagheeth Al Mustajeer, Al Wajil Al Mushfiq Al Muqir, Al Mu’tarifBithunubi, As’alukaMas’AlatulMiskeen, WaAbtahiluIlaykaIbtihal Al MuthnibAthaleel, WaAd’ukaDu’aa Man Khada’atLakaRaqabatuh, WaFadatLaka ‘Aynah, WathalLakaJasadah, WarghimathalikaAnfuh. AllahumaRabanaAtinaFedunyaHasanah, waFilAkhiratiHasanah, Waqina ‘AthabaAnar, AllahumaInyThalamtuNafsiFaIghfir lee, Anta Al GhafoorAr-Raheem.

 

At sunset he goes from Arafa to Muzdalifah, and there prays Maghreb and Isha’ combined and shortened and prays Fajr and remains there, in Muzdalifah, making supplications and remembering Allah till just before sunrise. Then he goes from Muzdalifah to Mina. If he is weak and cannot handle the crowd during Ar-Ramy, it is permissible for him to go to Mina before Fajr, because the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) gave permission for such case.

 

Upon reaching Mina: He has to throw seven consecutive pebbles at Jamrat Al-‘Aqabah saying Takbir during throwing each pebble. Then, he has to shave or clip his hair; shaving is preferable. A woman clips her hair the length of a fingertip. Then he can wear other clothing and do everything that was lawful before Ihram except engaging in marital relations.

 

He can get out, after wearing perfume and putting on the normal clothes, to Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-lfadah (seven circuits) and Sa'i for Hajj (the Tawaf and Sa'i that he performed at his arrival were for ‘Umra). With the completion of this Tawaf and Sa'i, he is allowed to do everything that was lawful before Ihram, including engaging in marital relations.

 

Let’s stop here to see what did the pilgrim do on the Day of Eid? On the Day of Eid, the pilgrim threw Jamrat Al-‘Aqabah, then slaughtered his Hadi (i.e. sacrificial animal), then shaved or clipped his hair, then performed Tawaf, then performed Sa’i; these are five rituals of worship he should do at this order, but there is no restriction if one preceded another. The Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) was asked repeatedly on the Day of Eid about making one of the rituals of Hajj before another, and he used to say: “Do, and there is no wrong” [Agreed Upon].

 

 متفق عليه «افعل ولا حرج»

 

If the pilgrim descended from Muzdalifah to Makkah and performed Tawaf and Sa’i then returned to Mina and observed throwing, there is no wrong. If he observed throwing then shaved before slaughtering, there is no wrong. If he observed throwing then descended to Makkah and performed Tawaf and Sa’i, there is no wrong. If he observed throwing and slaughtering and shaving then descended to Makkah and performed Sa’i before Tawaf, there is no wrong. In fact, there is no restriction if one of these rituals preceded another, because the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) answered all the questions, which he was asked about doing something before or after another, by saying: “Do, and there is no wrong.” This is from the simplification and mercy that Allah Almighty bestowed upon His servants.

 

Then, the last of the rituals of Hajj is to return to Mina to spend the nights of the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth days there for whoever stays on, Allah Almighty says: {And remember Allâh during the appointed Days. But whosoever hastens to leave in two days, there is no sin on him and whosoever stays on, there is no sin on him, if his aim is to do good and obey Allâh (fear Him), and know that you will surely be gathered unto Him} [Surat Al-Baqarah 2:203].

 

{وَاذْكُرُواْ اللّهَ فِي أَيَّامٍ مَّعْدُودَاتٍ فَمَن تَعَجَّلَ فِي يَوْمَيْنِ فَلاَ إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ وَمَن تَأَخَّرَ فَلا إِثْمَ عَلَيْهِ لِمَنِ اتَّقَى وَاتَّقُواْ اللّهَ وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْهِ تُحْشَرُونَ} البقرة:203

 

Transliteration: Waothkuroo Allaha fee ayyamin maAAdoodatin faman taAAajjala fee yawmayni fala ithma AAalayhi waman taakhkhara fala ithma AAalayhi limani ittaqa waittaqoo Allaha waiAAlamoo annakum ilayhi tuhsharoona

 

The pilgrim spends the nights of the eleventh and twelfth days in Mina, and it could be enough for him to spend most of these two nights.

 

He stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of the eleventh day. He starts with the smallest one, which is in the east of the other two; it should be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbir. Then he should go little before the crowd and face the Qiblah and raise his hands and supplicate to Allah Almighty as much as he can. Then he goes to the middle Jamrah to stone it with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbir. Then he should go little before the crowd and face the Qiblah and raise his hands and supplicate Allah Almighty as much as he can. Then he goes to Jamrah Al-‘Aqabah to stone it with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbir, and he should not stay at it, patterning after the Messenger of Allah (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him).

 

At the night of the twelfth day, he throws the three Jamrah in the same manner. If he is in a hurry, after stoning on the twelfth day, he leaves Mina before sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, which is best, he spends the night of the thirteenth in Mina and stones afternoon in the same manner as on the twelfth day. Staying is obligatory only in case of remaining in Mina after the sunset of the twelfth day; at this time, it is obligatory for him to prolong his stay till throwing the three Jamrah after noon. However, if he unwillingly prolonged his stay in Mina till the sunset of the twelfth day, it is not obligatory for him to stay, because he did not stay till after sunset with his own will.

 

It is not permissible for the pilgrim to throw the three Jamrah in the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth days before afternoon, because the prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) threw only after noon, and he said: “Take from me your rituals” [Reported by Muslim].

 

«رأيت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يرمي على راحلته يوم النحر، ويقول: لتأخذوا مناسككم...» رواه مسلم

 

Moreover, the companions used to wait the afternoon to throw after it. If throwing before afternoon was permissible, the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) would have declared it to his nation by action, saying or approval.

 

However, if he is weak and cannot handle the crowd or go to the Jamrah in the middle of the day, it is permissible for him to delay throwing till night. It is permissible to throw at night because there is no evidence for prohibiting throwing at night. The Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) specified the time of starting throwing and did not specify time for ending it. And the general rule is that what has not been restricted should not be restricted without evidence upon its restriction with time or cause.

 

The pilgrim should beware of neglecting the throwing; there are people who neglect it and delegate others to do it on their behalf, although having the ability to perform it. In fact, this is not permissible, because Allah Almighty says in His Book: {And perform properly (i.e. all the ceremonies according to the ways of Prophet Muhammad prayers and peace of Allah be upon him), the Hajj and ‘‘Umrah (i.e. the pilgrimage to Makkah) for Allâh} [Surat Al-Baqarah: 196]

 

{وَأَتِمُّواْ الْحَجَّ وَالْعُمْرَةَ لِلّهِ} البقرة:196

 

Transliteration: Waatimmoo alhajja waal AAumrata lillahi

 

And throwing is one of the acts of Hajj; therefore, it should not be neglected. And the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) did not permit the weak pilgrims to delegate others to perform it on their behalf; however, he permitted them to go from Muzdalifah at the end of the night to perform throwing before the arrival of the crowd. On the other hand, if there is necessity (i.e. if the pilgrim was ill or old cannot go to Jamrat, or if the pilgrim was pregnant woman fears harming herself or her fetus), delegation could be made.

 

Thereupon, we must honor the rituals of Allah, not to neglect it, and to do whatever we can do by ourselves, because it is an act of worship. The Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “Verily, Tawaf round the House and between As-Safa and Al-Marwah and throwing the Jamrat had been enjoined for remembering Allah” [Muhammad Al-Ameen Ash-shanqeety, the chain of transmission might be weak, but the meaning is considered authentic for agreeing with the Qur'an].

 

«إنما جعل الطواف بالبيت، وبين الصفا والمروة، ورمي الجمار لإقامة ذكر الله» محمد الأمين الشنقيطي، الإسناد قد يكون ضعيف ولكن المعنى صحيح بنص القرآن

 

After the end of throwing the Jamrat, the pilgrim should not go from Makkah to his country before performing Tawaf Al-Wada', because Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him and his father too) reported that people used to return through every path, whereupon the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “None amongst you should depart until he performs the last circumambulation round the House” [Reported by Muslim].

 

 رواه مسلم«لا ينفر أحد حتى يكون آخر عهده بالبيت»

 

However, there is an exemption to the menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding, if they performed Tawaf Al-Ifada, because Ibn ‘Abbas reported: “The people were commanded (by the Prophet) to perform the last circumambulation round the House, but menstruating women were exempted” [Agreed upon].

 

 متفق عليه «أمر الناس أن يكون آخر عهدهم بالبيت، إلا أنه خُفف عن الحائض»

 

and because when it was said to the Prophet (prayers and peace of Allah be upon him) that Safiyyah performed Tawaf Al-Ifada, he said: “(If it is so), then proceed forth”, after she entered the period of menses [Musnad Imam Al-Shafe'y, Authentic according to the condition of Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

 

«فلتنفر إذن، وكانت حائضاً» مسند الإمام الشافعي، صحيح علي شرط الشيخين

This Tawaf should be the last thing. Hence, we know that when some people go to Makkah and perform Tawaf Al-Wada’ then return to Mina to throw Jamrat and return to their countries from there, they do wrong and Tawaf Al-Wada’ that they performed is not correct, because their last deed was Ar-Ramy not Tawaf Al-Wada’.

 

Summary for ‘Umra rituals:

 

1- Taking a bath like the bath that is after having sexual intercourse, and wearing perfume.

 

2- Putting on Ihram. For men, it is Izar and Rida’. For women, it is any lawful clothes.

 

3- Saying Talbiyah till starting Tawaf.

 

4- Circumambulating round Ka’bah for seven times, starting and ending at the Black Stone.

 

5- Praying two Rakah behind Maqam Ibrahim.

 

6- Performing Sa’i between As-Safa and Al-Marwah for seven laps, starting from As-Safa and ending at Al-Marwah.

 

7- Shaving or clipping for men, and clipping for women.

 

The whole rituals of Hajj:

 

The rituals of the first day (8th Dhul-Hijja):

 

1- Entering the state of Ihram from his place; he should have a bath, wear perfume, put on Ihram and say:

“LabbaikaAllahumma Hajj, LabbaikaAllahummaLabbaik, Labbaika la sharikaLakalabbaik, Inna-l-hamda wan-ni'mataLakawalmulk, La sharikaLaka.”

 

Translation: “O Allah, Here I am for pilgrimage, here I am, O Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner.”

 

2- Going to Mina and staying there till the rise of the sun of the 9th day. The pilgrim should pray in Mina (from the 8th day) Dhuhr, Asr, Maghreb, Isha and Fajr prayers shortening his four Rak’as prayer so as to make them two Rak’as each, without combining them.

 

The rituals of the second day (9th Dhul-Hijja):

 

1- When the sun rises, he goes to Arafa and there prays Dhuhr and Asr combined at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two Rak’as. He remains in Masjid Namira until sunset, if possible.

 

2- After prayer, he remembers Allah and makes as many supplications as possible while facing the Qiblah and raising his hands. He should stay in Arafa till sunset.

 

3- At sunset he goes from Arafa to Muzdalifah and there prays Maghreb three Rak’ah and Isha two Rak’ah, and spends his night there till Fajr.

 

4- He should pray Fajr after dawn, and then occupy himself with making supplications and remembering Allah till just before sunrise.

 

5- Leave to Mina Near sunrise,

 

The rituals of the third day (Eid Day):

 

1- Upon reaching Mina, he goes to Jamrat Al-Aqabah and throws at it seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbir.

 

2- Slaughter his Hadi, if it is obligatory upon him to have Hadi.

 

3- Shave or clip his hair. With that, he is allowed to come out of Ihram. He can put on other clothing wear perfume and do everything that was lawful before Ihram except engaging in marital relations.

 

4- Descend to Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-Ifada (i.e. Tawaf Al-Hajj) and perform Sa’i between As-Safa and Al-Marwah for Hajj, if he is Mutamatti’ or if he is not Mutamatti’ but did not perform Sa’i with Tawaf Al-Qudum. With that, he is allowed to come out of Ihram and do everything that was lawful before Ihram including engaging in marital relations.

 

5- Return to Mina to spend in it the night of the eleventh day.

 

The rituals of the fourth day (11th Dhul-Hijja):

 

1- He stones the three Jamrah starting with the first Jamrah then the middle one, and lastly Jamrat Al-‘Aqabah. Each one should be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbir. He should throw them in the afternoon; it is not permissible to throw them before noon. And he should not forget stopping after the first and middle Jamrah to make supplications.

 

2- He spends the night of the twelfth day in Mina.

 

The rituals of the fifth day (12th Dhul-Hijja):

 

1- He throws the three Jamrat as he did in the fourth day.

 

2- If he is in a hurry after stoning on the twelfth day, he leaves Mina before sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, he spends the night of the thirteenth in Mina.

 

The rituals of the sixth day (13th Dhul-Hijja):

 

This day is for whoever wishes to prolong his stay; and in this day he should do the following:

 

1- Throw the three Jamrat as he did in the previous two days.

 

2- Leave Mina.

 

And the last deed is to perform Tawaf Al-Wada’ at returning home. And Allah knows best.

 

Forms of Hajj:

 

There are three forms of Hajj: Tamattu'- Ifrad – Qiran.

 

Tamattu': A pilgrim wears Ihram for ‘Umra only during the months of Hajj, which means when he reaches Makkah, he makes Tawaf and Sa'i for ‘Umra. He then shaves or clips his hair. On the day of Tarwiya, which is the eighth of Dhul-Hijja, he puts on his Ihram for Hajj only and carries out all of its requirements.

 

Ifrad: A pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only. When he reaches Makkah, he performs Tawaf for his arrival and Sa'i for Hajj. He doesn't shave or clip his hair as he doesn't disengage from Ihram. Instead, he remains in Ihram till after he stones Jamrat Al-Aqabah on the Eid day. It is permissible for him to postpone his Sa'i for Hajj until after his Tawaf for Hajj.

 

Qiran: A pilgrim wears Ihram for both ‘Umrah and Hajj or he wears Ihram first for ‘Umrah, then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf for Hajj. The obligations on one performing Ifrad are the same as those on one performing Qiran, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the former is not obligated to do so.

 

 

Muhammad Ibn Salih Al-‘Uthaimin

Translated by Wathakker.info website

 

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