Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Since 2024-05-05

Artificial intelligence (AI) refers to the intelligence exhibited by machines, particularly computer systems. It encompasses a broad range of capabilities

       Prof. Mohamed Mzerda

(M.A. in Communication & Digital Transformation) writes:

            Artificial intelligence (AI)

          It refers to the intelligence exhibited by machines, particularly computer systems. It encompasses a broad range of capabilities, but generally focuses on machines mimicking human cognitive functions like:

     * Learning: The ability to acquire new information and skills from data or experience. 
     * Problem-solving: The capacity to analyze situations and develop solutions to achieve specific goals.
     * Reasoning: The ability to draw logical conclusions based on available information.
     * Decision-making:  The capability to evaluate options and select the most suitable course of action.
     * Pattern recognition:  The ability to identify meaningful patterns within data.

                AI is still under development, but it has already found applications in various fields like healthcare, finance, self-driving cars, and even education.  

         There are different approaches to achieving AI, with some focusing on mimicking the human brain and others on developing specialized algorithms for specific tasks.
          AI can be categorized by its level of capability. Narrow AI excels at specific tasks, while Artificial General Intelligence (AGI), a hypothetical future development, would possess human-level intelligence across all domains.

     Artificial Intelligence in education

        Artificial Intelligence (AI) is significantly impacting education by revolutionizing teaching and learning processes. AI technologies like ChatGPT, and software robots are enhancing educational strategies, providing personalized learning experiences, and optimizing instruction. However, concerns regarding AI's effects on decision-making, laziness, privacy, and the risk of cheating exist, emphasizing the need for preventive measures before widespread implementation in education. Studies highlight AI's potential benefits in improving learning outcomes, reducing teacher planning time, and preparing students for a future where machines play a leading role. Integrating AI extensively in higher education programs can equip graduates with new skills, personalize teaching methods, and automate administrative tasks, ultimately transforming the learning experience and preparing students for future careers.

 

 

References:

* Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. "Artificial Intelligence." (https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/artificial-intelligence/). 


* Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence.  "AAAI website." (https://aaai.org/). 


* Massachusetts Institute of Technology. "What is Artificial Intelligence?"  MIT News. (https://news.mit.edu/topic/artificial-intelligence2). 


Ahmad, S.F., Han, H., Alam, M.M., et al. "Impact of artificial intelligence on human loss in decision making, laziness and safety in education." Humanities and Social Sciences Communications 10 (2023): 311. https://doi.org/10.1057/s41599-023-01787-8

Ayala-Pazmiño, M. "Inteligencia artificial en la educación: Explorando los beneficios y riesgos potenciales." 593 Digital Publisher CEIT 8.3 (2023): 892-899. https://doi.org/10.33386/593dp.2023.3.1827

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