"The signs of a hypocrite are three: Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie; and whenever he promises, he breaks his promise; and whenever he is entrusted, he betrays."
Praise be to Allah who has ordered us to tell the truth and prohibited lying at all times,
Peace be upon our prophet Muhammad who was entitled with the truthful and honest,
And peace be upon his family and companions....
The Almighty Allah says "A lying, sinful forelock!" [Al-Alaq 96:16]
Transliteration: Nasiyatin kathibatin khatiatin
The scientific signs in the words of (truthfulness and lying) mentioned in the Glorious Quran
* What is the jurisprudential ruling of lying in Islam? And what are the types of lying??
* What are the social, economic and health harms of lying?
* What are the physiological changes on the liar?
* Finally, a warning against lying...............
Dear beloved brothers: a lot of people, newspapers and magazines used to lie and spread rumors in the first of April under the name of April fool, they mean nothing but laughter and kidding, and anyone who believes these lies becomes the victim of April fool..........
What is the story of April fool?
There are a lot of stories the most famous of which is that this habit began in France on 1564 AD when they changed the beginning of the new year from the first of April to the first of January, so anyone who was refusing the new calendar and went on the old calendar, they were lying on him in the first of April and after he had believed them, they were mocking at him.
After that it became an annual tradition for them.
Important note: this ugly tradition was transmitted to some Muslims........ Truly! To Allah we belong and truly, to Him we shall return.
Dear brothers: this bad habit caused a lot of calamities to one's neighbors, brothers, families.....etc, it also caused a lot of material and moral loses. The following are some examples for its probable bad results:
1- A person may be told that he was dismissed of his job, his house was burnt or his family made an accident, and anyone of these bad news is enough to cause paralysis, clot or the like diseases for that person.
2- A man may divorce or kill his wife if someone falsely told that his wife has unlawful relation with another man.
3- If a man was told that his father, son, wife or one of his beloved persons died, he might die because of that shock.
What is the jurisprudential ruling for lying in Islam?
Lying is one of the biggest vices, a door for all evils and leads to destructions in this life and in the hereafter, so it is prohibited in Islam although some people try to improve its malicious reality by changing its name to kidding, courtesy, diplomacy, cleverness or other names.
Dear beloved brothers: the religion of Islam came to perfect the noble morality, so it ordered with the virtues and prohibited all vices. Islam didn't fight and warn against anything like it did with lying and showed its bad consequences in this life and in the hereafter. The Almighty Allah says “Indeed, Allah does not guide one who is a transgressor and a liar.” [Ghafir 40:38]
Transliteration: inna Allaha la yahdee man huwa musrifun kaththabun
The prophet -peace and blessings be upon him- said “Falsehood leads to Al-Fojur (i.e. wickedness, evil-doing), and Al-Fojur (wickedness) leads to the (Hell) Fire, and a man may keep on telling lies till he is written before Allah, a liar.” [Agreed upon]
The prophet also said “The signs of a hypocrite are three: Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie; and whenever he promises, he breaks his promise; and whenever he is entrusted, he betrays (proves to be dishonest).” [Agreed upon]
The truthful the honest -peace and blessings be upon him-
our prophet Mohammad -peace and blessings be upon him- was the most truthful man, whereas his people were calling him (the truthful, the honest), so when Hercules, the king of Romans asked Abu-Sofian (before his submission to Islam) about the prophet -peace and blessings be upon him- and said "did you accuse him with lying before he began to call to Islam? Abu-Sofian said "no we don’t." Then Hercules said "he wouldn't leave lying on people and then came to lie on Allah."
Abdullah Bin Salam, while he was narrating the story of his submission to Islam, he said “when I saw him (the prophet Muhammad) I knew that his face isn't of a liar." [Declared authentic by Al-Albani
One of the prophetic signs:
If the prophet was found to be a liar even once in his life, the people wouldn't believe him even after 50 years of this lie.........I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah and Muhammad is the messenger of Allah............
Types of lying:
First: lying against Almighty Allah: this is the ugliest lying sorts and it means to worship any other than Allah, innovating in the religion or Fatwa without having knowledge, the Almighty Allah says "Indeed, those who invent falsehood about Allah will not succeed." [Al-Nahl 16:116]
Transliteration: inna allatheena yaftaroona AAala Allahi alkathiba la yuflihoona
Second: lying on the prophet (peace be upon him): this means to attribute falsehood to the prophet. The prophet said" “and he who attributed any falsehood to me deliberately,he should in fact find his abode in the Hell-Fire.” [Muslim]
Third: lying on the people, it has many kinds among which are the following:
1-Lying on the judge (in testimony), the prophet -peace and blessings be upon him- said “Should I not inform you about the most grievous of the grave sins? (The Holy Prophet) repeated it three times, and then said: Associating anyone with Allah, disobedience to parents, false testimony or false utterance. The Holy Prophet was reclining, then he sat up, and he repeated it so many times that we wished that he should become silent." [Agreed upon]
2-Lying while kidding, the prophet -peace and blessings be upon him- said " I'm a guarantor of a house in the middle of paradise for the one who avoided telling lies even in his kidding." [Declared Hasan (good) by Al-Albani]
Note: When the joker is truthful, joking is permissible, the prophet -peace and blessings be upon him- said “(sometimes) I'm joking and I don't tell but truth.” [Declared authentic by Al-Albani]
Once the prophet -peace and blessings be upon him- said to an old woman “the old women will not enter paradise” the woman cried as she thought that she will not enter paradise. When the prophet saw her crying, he explained the matter for her and said “the old woman will enter paradise after she regains her youth, as Almighty Allah will bring her forth as another creation to enter paradise while she is a young virgin woman.” [Declared Hasan by Al-Albani]
3- Lying for making people laugh, the prophet -peace and blessings be upon him- said "Woe to the person who lies in his talking to make people laugh, woe to him …woe to him...” [Declared authentic by Al-Albani]
4- Lying while buy and sell, the prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) said: "Whosoever deceives us, is not one of us"
‹‹من غشنا فليس منا››
5- False oath while seeing goods, the Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Three are the (persons) with whom Allah would neither speak on the Day of Resurrection, nor would look at them nor would absolve and there is a painful chastisement for them. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) repeated it three times. Abu Dharr remarked: They failed and they lost; who are these persons, Messenger of Allah? Upon this he (the Holy) Prophet) observed: They are: the dragger of lower garment, the recounter of obligation the seller of goods by false oath." [Muslim]
6- Lying by the presidents and kings, the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed: Three (are the persons) with whom Allah would neither speak, nor would He absolve them on the Day of Resurrection. Abu Mu'awiya added: He would not look at them and there is grievous torment for them: the aged adulterer, the liar king and the proud destitute." [Muslim]
7- Lying on children (a lot of people don't pay attention to this kind), Abdullah son of Amer said "one day my mother called me (while the prophet was sitting in our house) and said "come here, I will give you something " the prophet asked her " what do you want to give him?" she answered " some dates ", the prophet said to her "if you didn't give him something, it would be written down a lie upon you.” [Declared Hasan by Al-Albani]
One day, a man has knocked at one of his friends' door, a young boy opened the door, the man asked the boy “where is your father? The boy said " wait a minute", the boy went to his father and said " someone is asking about you ", the father said "tell him that I'm not here", the boy came back to the man and with his sound nature said "my father says: tell him that I'm not here", the father was angry because of what his son said and he taught the boy how to lie rightly in the next time. This story is happening in a lot of houses, so the fathers and mothers should be aware and teach truthfulness to their children instead of teaching them lying.
Our prophet Mohammad -peace and blessings be upon him- said " There is none born but is created to his true nature (Islam). It is his parents who make him a Jew or a Christian or a Magian." [Bukhari]
Note: Lying is only permissible in the three cases mentioned in the following:
Ibn Shihab said he did not hear that exemption was granted in anything what the people speak as lie but in three cases: in battle, for bringing reconciliation amongst persons and the narration of the words of the husband to his wife, and the narration of the words of a wife to her husband (in a twisted form in order to bring reconciliation between them). [Declared Hasan (good) by Al-Albani]
The effects of lying:
Lying has a destructive effect on the individual's life and society among which are the following:
Firstly, the social effects:
The truthfulness is essential for the social life as it the basis of the blessed happy life, without it a man can't live a happy comfort life with his wife, children, relatives, neighbors, employees or others.
Secondly, the economic effects:
Truthfulness is also essential for the economic life and without it a man can't safely practice trade, giving loans or any other economic activities.
The current financial crises exposed all these lies practiced by some of the mangers, economical analysts, and chairmen of the boards and others who deceived people with the unreal profits or contracts. Moreover, it was discovered that more than 35% of the companies that are listed in the local stock market are delusive companies, also some governmental tenders or companies’ auctions are nothing but conspiracies based on lying to steal peoples' money.
Thirdly, the health effects:
The modern science proved that when the man lies, his head consumes more energy than it does in a state of truthfulness, because lying is a complicated operation includes imagination, inventing, composition….etc and all this have negative effects on memory, heart, blood pressure and others.
Finally: The following are some signs about lying mentioned in the Glorious Quran and lately discovered by the modern science:
Firstly: the Almighty Allah says: “And if We willed, We could show them to you, and you would know them by their mark ….” [Muhammad 47:30]
Transliteration: Walaw nashao laaraynakahum falaAAaraftahum biseemahum
In this verse (Ayah) Allah tells that if He wills, He will make His prophet is able to distinguish those liar hypocrites through special marks appear on their faces, that means we can reveal lying through the liar's face details and this is identical with what the scientists reached through their researches in our present era……Allah is the Greatest……………..
Secondly: Also Almighty Allah says in the completion of the previous Quranic verse: “but you will surely know them by the tone of [their] speech…” [Muhammad 47:30]
Transliteration: walataAArifannahum fee lahni alqawli
In this part of the verse, there is a signal refers to that it is possible to reveal lying through liar's voice, as the tone of voice is changed during lying, also the modern science discovered that lately……….Glory b to Allah…………………..
Thirdly: Using the developed equipment, the modern science recently proved that the forelock (the front part of the head) is responsible for lying, Almighty Allah refers to that in the following Quranic verse says: "A lying, sinful forelock!" [Al-Alaq 96:16]
Transliteration: Nasiyatin kathibatin khatiatin
Dear beloved brother:
After your reading for the foregoing, you should avoid lying for the benefit of your health, family, fame, money, life and your hereafter. The Almighty Allah says: “O you who have believed, fear Allah and be with those who are true.” [At-Tawbah 9:119]
Transliteration: Ya ayyuha allatheena amanoo ittaqoo Allaha wakoonoo maAAa alssadiqeena
We invoke Almighty Allah to support us and all Muslims to be among the truthful people…
And peace be upon you all………………
Translated by Wathakker.net website