Muslims celebrating Halloween

Since 2012-11-17

Muslims celebrating Halloween and other non-Muslim festivals

Muslims celebrating Halloween and other non-Muslim festivals

 
Question:
 
What about celebrating non-Muslim festivals like Christmas Day, Halloween, Valentine Day, etc? We have many Christian friends and colleagues at our work place. It looks rude if we do not greet them or send a greeting card to them on their festivals. My question is if we are doing this just to keep a good relationship with them, then is it not right?
 
Fatwa:
 
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger.
 
A Muslim should be thankful to Allaah for His great blessings upon him. He Who Guided him to the right path. So he should keep on supplicating Allaah to make him steadfast on this path which is the path of blessed people and to keeping him away from the path of those who deserve His Anger and of those who went astray.
 
The non-Muslims spare no efforts to draw the Muslims away from the straight path and to cut their relation with their true religion. Allaah says (what means): {Many of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) wish that if they could turn you away as disbelievers after you have believed, out of envy from their ownselves, even, after the truth (that Muhammad is Allaah’s Messenger) has become manifest unto them. But forgive and overlook, till Allaah brings His Command. Verily, Allaah is Able to do all things.} [Al-Baqarah 2:109]
 
{وَدَّ كَثِيرٌ مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ لَوْ يَرُدُّونَكُم مِّن بَعْدِ إِيمَانِكُمْ كُفَّارًا حَسَدًا مِّنْ عِندِ أَنفُسِهِم مِّن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمُ الْحَقُّ ۖ فَاعْفُوا وَاصْفَحُوا حَتَّىٰ يَأْتِيَ اللَّـهُ بِأَمْرِهِ ۗ إِنَّ اللَّـهَ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ} البقرة: 109
 
Transliteration: Wadda katheerun min ahli alkitabi law yaruddoonakum min baAAdi eemanikum kuffaran hasadan min AAindi anfusihim min baAAdi ma tabayyana lahumu alhaqqu faoAAfoo waisfahoo hatta yatiya Allahu biamrihi inna Allaha AAala kulli shayin qadeerun
 
We the Muslims are proud of our religion that was revealed to us by Allaah and are thankful that Allaah has chosen us for his religion. Allaah says (what means): {… This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. …} [Ma’idah 5:3]
 
{الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا} المائدة: 3
 
Transliteration: alyawma akmaltu lakum deenakum waatmamtu AAalaykum niAAmatee waradeetu lakumu alislama deenan
 
It is not permitted for Muslims to participate in the festivals of non-Muslims because it is a kind of cooperation in the disobedience of Allaah. Allaah says (what means): {…Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression….} [Quran 5:2].
 
The Prophet said: “Whoever imitates a nation is but one of them.” [Authenticated by Al-Albani]
 
«من تشبه بقوم فهو منهم» صححه الألباني
 
Celebrating festivals such as Christmas Day, Halloween, Valentine Day, etc. comes under the falsehood that should be avoided. Allaah says (what means): {And those who do not bear witness to falsehood, and if they pass by some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.} [Al-Furqan 25:72]
 
{وَالَّذِينَ لَا يَشْهَدُونَ الزُّورَ وَإِذَا مَرُّوا بِاللَّغْوِ مَرُّوا كِرَامًا } الفرقان: 72
 
Transliteration: Waallatheena la yashhadoona alzzoora waitha marroo biallaghwi marroo kiraman
 
Many scholars of Qur’an like Ibn Seereen and Mujaahid interpret “falsehood” as the festivals of unbelievers.
 
Anas reported: “The Prophet came to Madeenah while they had two days they celebrated. The Prophet asked, “What are these two days?” They said, ‘These are two days we used to celebrate in our pre Islamic era. The Prophet said: “Allaah has replaced them with two better days: ‘Eed Al-Adh-Haa and ‘Eed Al- Fitr.” [Reproted by Abu Dawud, authenticated by Al-Albani]
 
«قدم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم المدينة ولهم يومان يلعبون فيهما فقال ما هذان اليومان قالوا كنا نلعب فيهما في الجاهلية فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إن الله قد أبدلكم بهما خيرا منهما يوم الأضحى ويوم الفطر» رواه ابو داود، صححه الألباني
 
No doubt celebrating such feasts is actually imitating disbelievers. Abdullaah Ibn Amr Ibn al-’Aas said: “Whoever celebrates the Persian New Year’s Day or their carnival and imitates them till his death he will be resurrected with them on the Day Judgment.”
 
Therefore, a Muslim is neither allowed to celebrate such festivals nor is he allowed to congratulate non-Muslims for their feasts because congratulating them for their feasts is synonymous of accepting their wrongdoing and disbelief in Allaah. It is also accepting their rites and rituals, which are nothing but disbelief.
 
Imaam Ibn Al-Qayyim reported the consensus of all scholars that congratulate non-Muslims for their religious occasions is forbidden. He said: “As for congratulating the unbelievers for their rituals, it is forbidden according to the agreement of all scholars like congratulating them for their feasts and fast by expressing good wishes: happy feast or enjoy your feast… etc. If the Muslim who says this does not become a disbeliever himself, he, at least, commits a sin as this is the same as congratulating him (a non-Muslim) for his belief in the Trinity, which is a greater sin and much more disliked by Almighty Allaah than congratulating him for drinking alcohol or killing a soul or committing fornication or adultery…etc.”
 
Therefore, no Muslim is allowed to participate in the festival celebration of non-Muslims or greet them on this occasion. Know that partially participating in such occasions is enough to involve one in sin even if one does not intend to participate wholly in the celebration.
 
Finally, if they congratulate us for our feasts, we do not congratulate them for their feast as we are on the right path and they are in error. Allaah says (what means): {And whoever seeks a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted of him and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers} [Al-‘Imran 3:85]
 
{وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ} آل عمران: 85
 
Transliteration: Waman yabtaghi ghayra alislami deenan falan yuqbala minhu wahuwa fee alakhirati mina alkhasireena
 
As regards your statement that it is rude not to congratulate them, then the answer is that if a Muslim behaves in a good manner with them throughout his stay with them, they would certainly have known that he is not rude and he is not a person of a bad character even if he does not congratulate them on the day of their celebration. Indeed, being rude is when one disobeys Allaah. It is an obligation on a Muslim to fear Allaah and endeavor in calling the non-Muslims to Islam but not be kind to them at the expense of his religion and creed. It should also be noted that pleasing Allaah comes in priority over pleasing His creation, and that whoever pleases people by ensuing the wrath of Allaah, Allaah will be angry with him and He will make people be angry with him.
 
Allaah knows best.
 
 
Fatwa answered by: The Fatwa Center at Islamweb
With little modifications

 

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