It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah, may Allaah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allaah, peace and blessing be upon him, said: «» (1).
Amongst the lessons drawn from the above-mentioned Hadeeth:
1- This Hadeeth refers the permissibility of cooperation among people on good and righteousness such as lending money to the one who needs it if one is sure and has trust that such person will pay back his debt.
2- This Hadeeth implies the permissibility of seeking witnesses on debts and a surety. Also, this can be more required if people become taking lightly the matter of paying back debts and delaying repayment.
3- It implies the virtue of putting full trust in Allaah, The Almighty, and that the one who has a sound trust in Allaah, The Almighty, surely Allaah, The Almighty, will support and help him.
4- It implies also that Allaah, The Almighty, will help the one who really wants to render back trusts and that Allaah, The Almighty, will reward those who give time to people to repay their debt through preserving their money in this life and giving them great reward in there hereafter as He The Exalted preserved it for the lender.
5- Perfection of the Power of Allaah, The Almighty, and that His Will must come true, where money has been delivered for his owner in a piece of wood thrown into the sea.
6- This Hadeeth proves the Karaamaat (i.e. supernatural abilities or event) for the righteous, truthful and honest Muslim individuals.
7- The one who borrowed money did not stop at putting money in a piece of wood and threw it in the sea so that it may reach its owner; rather, he did great efforts after that to deliver money to its owner in natural way to fulfill their duty for certain.
8- Watchfulness of the one who lent money of Allaah, The Almighty, because he told the one who came to repay his debt again after he found a ship will reach him that he has received his money that he (i.e. the borrower) sent to him.
9- It implies permissibility of travelling by sea along with the property of people and trade.
10- It implies the permissibility of telling about the wonderful events that occurred to Bani Isra'eel and the like so that people may be get admonished. (2).
(1) Reported in Saheeh Al-Bukhaari No. (2291).
(2) ‘Umdatul Qaari (vol. 9, p. 99).
: Allsunnah Net